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1941

• March 1941: Himmler visits Auschwitz; beginning of the construction of Auschwitz-Birkenau
• June 1941: Nazi Germany attacks the Soviet Union (operation Barbarossa). 
• July 1941: Einsatzgruppen (task forces) murder on a large scale in occupied parts of the Soviet Union. 
• September 1941: First experiments with hydrogen cyanide Zyklon-B in Auschwitz. 
• 27/28 September 1941: In Kamenets-Podolsk (Ukraine), 23,000 Jews are murdered. 
• 29/30 September 1941: More than 33,000 Jews from Kiev are murdered at Babi Yar (Ukraine). 
• October 1941: The murder of 35,000 Jews from Odessa (Ukraine). 
• 7 December 1941: Japan attacks the United States of America (Pearl Harbour).
• December 1941: First time Jews are gassed in gas chambers in Chelmno.

Glossary