Nederlands Holocaust in Europe Mass murder

Concentration camps

A key component of the Endlösung was building several camps in which Jews could be murdered in large numbers using gas. As early as the summer of 1941, the head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler complained that the mass executions posed a heavy psychological burden for his men. In December 1939, experiments with gassing had been carried out in Germany on tens of thousands of handicapped people. In Poland, lorries were used for the first time to gas people in the autumn of 1941. During that time, the first experiments with hydrogen cyanide Zyklon-B were carried out in Auschwitz - which at the time was still only a concentration and labour camp. The Nazis decided to build extermination camps in Poland and a plan was drafted for deporting all the Jews from the occupied countries in Western and Southern Europe by train to 'the East'. In addition to Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest and most significant German extermination camps in Poland were Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek, Belzec, and Chelmno. The remaining Jewish quarters, villages, and cities that had been spared so far, as well as the Jewish ghettos in Poland and other European countries were emptied of Jews who were deported to the extermination camps.


10-29850 10-66718 10-67356 10-NS819
  1. SS leading figures: Karl Hermann Frank, Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich (front row from left to right).
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. An exhausted and emaciated prisoner of Buchenwald. The photo was taken in the camp right after liberation by the Americans (1945).
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  3. A prisoner in Mauthausen who committed suicide by throwing himself on the electric fence.
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  4. Barrels with hydrogen cyanide Zyklon-B
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary
persecution
mass murder
perpetrators and victims
camps
auschwitz
sobibor
after 1945
timeline
guest book
generalplan-ost
ghettos
operation barbarossa
mass executions
concentration camps
wannsee conference
shoah by bullets
Chaussures Nike Pas Cher, Nike Air Force 1, Nike Air VaporMax, Nike Air VaporMax Flyknit, Nike Air VaporMax Plus, Nike Air VaporMax 360, Nike Air VaporMax 2020, Nike Air VaporMax 2021, Nike Air VaporMax EVO, Nike Air Max, Nike Air Max 90, Nike Air Max 95, Nike Air Max 97, Nike Air Max 2021, Nike Air Max Plus TN, Nike Air Max Plus, Nike Air Max Plus 3 | Zapatillas Nike Baratas, Nike Air Force 1 Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax Flyknit 3 Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax Plus Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax 360 Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax 2020 Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax 2021 Baratas, Nike Air VaporMax EVO Baratas, Nike Air Max Plus Baratas, Nike Air Max Plus 3 Baratas, Nike Air Max 90 Baratas, Nike Air Max 97 Baratas, Nike Air Max 95 Baratas, Nike Air Max 1 Baratas