Nederlands Woordenlijst

Theresienstadt

The Czech fortress town Terezin, known in German as Theresienstadt, was used as a concentration camp for Czech Jews. It was later designated as a model camp where privileged Jews from all over Europe received preferential treatment. Intellectuals and artists who had served their country and ex-military men were eligible for transport to Theresienstadt. On 23 June 1944 an International Red Cross delegation visited Theresienstadt in order to get an impression of the humane treatment that the Jews were receiving in all the concentration camps. Prior to this visit the entire town was fixed up, including the erection of parks and playgrounds. The town had a theatre for concerts and plays, a café, a library filled with Jewish books (seized from those who were deported), and a bank that issued its own bank notes. Despite its humane façade, Theresienstadt was a gate to Auschwitz. People were deported to Auschwitz whenever the camp got too crowded.

Seven transports left for Theresienstadt from the Westerbork transit camp. From the nearly 5,000 Jews that were transported from the Netherlands to Theresienstadt, more than 3,000 were transported to Auschwitz at some point. Most of them were immediately gassed upon arrival in Auschwitz. Many also died from hunger and sickness during their stay in Theresienstadt.

 

 

Tehuis Oosteinde
The Euthanasia Programme
Theresienstadt
Treblinka