Nederlands Woordenlijst

Hollandsche Schouwburg

The Hollandsche Schouwburg theatre in the Amsterdam Plantage neighbourhood was the place from where Jews from Amsterdam and the surrounding areas were deported. In 1941, the theatre, under the name of the Joodsche Schouwburg was one of the few halls where Jewish performers were allowed to appear, and where Jews were permitted as spectators. Jews were prohibited from all other entertainment venues.

Between 1942 and 1943 the former theatre became the site where Amsterdam Jews were summoned for deportation. Thousands of men, women, and children were first taken by tram to the Central Station and from there to the Westerbork transit camp. Later, starting in 1943 trains also went to the Vught camp. By September 1943, between 60,000 and 80,000 Jews had left Amsterdam via this route.

The Jewish Council assigned Walter Süskind to coordinate the Hollandsche Schouwburg. Süskind organised a childcare centre for the very youngest children across the street.

The Hollandsche Schouwburg is now a monument, see:


Het Joodsche Weekblad
Hollandsche Schouwburg
Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer
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