Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Sinti and Roma

Sinti and Roma

Persecution of the Sinti and Roma

Sinti and Roma and the Jews have a commonmutual history of persecution. Sinti and Roman were also persecuted under the National Socialism race ideology. On 16 May 1944, the occupation authorities ordered a large razzia for gathering all the 'gypsies' living in the Netherlands. In 18 municipalities the police picked up people who 'had gypsy features'. On 19 May 1944, 245 Sinti and Roma were deported to Auschwitz. Only approximately 30 survived. Also 9-year old Settela Steinbach was murdered in Auschwitz shortly after arriving with her mother and nine brothers and sisters. She appeared in the film that was made about Westerbork during the war, she can be seen on the train to Auschwitz. For many years it was thought that she was a Jewish girl, until in 1995 it was discovered that she was a gypsy. It is estimated that a few thousands Sinti and Roma were able to escape the roundups.


Settela
Settela (Anna Maria) Steinbach (1934 - Auschwitz 1944)
On 19 May, 245 Sinti and Roma people who were held in Westerbork were deported to Auschwitz. For a long time, Settela, 'the girl between the train wagon doors' was thought to be Jewish. In 1995, a journalist discovered that she was 'the child of Steinbach' when he showed the photograph to a Sinti survivor of Auschwitz. The transport arrived in Auschwitz on 21 May. The Sinti and Roma from this transport were placed in a separate Gypsy Camp. On 31 July 1944, Settela Steinbach was murdered in the gas chamber.
A still from the Westerbork film made by the German Jewish photographer, Breslauer, by order of camp commander Gemmeker, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam.
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
sinti and roma
in hiding – hannes weiss
auschwitz - augusta
rescued – zoni weisz
transports on 19 may 1944