Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution


Forced labour in Germany

As Germany had a shortage of manpower, especially in the industry, they used manpower from the occupied countries. An ordinance in March 1942 forced men in the Netherlands to work in Germany. Many of these men returned illegally to the Netherlands and had to go into hiding. Whoever was caught was severely punished.
In May 1943, all the Dutch men between 18 and 35 were forced to report for labour in Germany. As men were trying to get out of forced labour in any way possible, the Germans retaliated by carrying out massive razzias in autumn 1944. They threatened to kill hostages if people continued to refuse work in Germany. In some places this threat was executed. More than half a million Dutch men worked in Germany during the war for short or long periods of time.

Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1
  1. Propaganda poster for work in Germany, 1942/43.
    During the first years of the war thousands of young men left voluntarily for Germany. In 1942, the number of voluntary registrations gradually decreased. People began to realise that working in Germany was not as attractive as it was made out to be. The result was that working was made compulsory. Whoever did not report was punished.
    Unknown designer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Massive Razzias of men for Forced Labour; 50,000 men were rounded up and forced to work in Germany, Rotterdam, 10 November 1944.
    Photo by Ferdinand Grimeyer, Rotterdam municipal archives collection
jew in the netherlands
german invasion
going into hiding
sinti and roma
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
first anti-jewish measures
protests against the persecution of jews
isolating jews
jewish labour camps
jewish star
the jewish council
press and propaganda
civil administration

riots in amsterdam
registration, looting, and tracking
propaganda and resistance

forced labour