Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution

Chronology

Under German control

Not only were political parties and trade unions monitored, the press was also forced to toe the official line. The Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (the largest news agency in the Netherlands) came under German censorship and reports about certain subjects were prohibited, obligatory, or undesired. The press was quickly cautioned not to write anything about the royal family. This censorship also applied to the radio. On 28 July 1940, Queen Wilhelmina spoke for the first time to the Dutch people from London via BBC (Radio Oranje). The Germans recognised the danger in this and immediately prohibited anyone from listening to the BBC. Initially Jews were prohibited from having a radio at home (April 1941), but later this applied to all Dutch people. One of the fears harboured by the Germans was that, in case of an invasion from England, the British would be able to instruct the Dutch population by radio. Theatres, literature, and other forms of art were curtailed. The Germans set up a Kultuurkamer; artists who were not members were no longer allowed  to publish, perform, or exhibit. Libraries were no longer allowed to lend out anti-German literature.


Afbeelding 5Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1Afbeelding 3
  1. Entry of the German forces after the capitulation of the Dutch army, Amsterdam, 15 May 1940.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Entry of the German forces in the capital city, Amsterdam, 15 May 1940.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  3. Civil servants of the municipality hand over a map of the city to the German authorities, Amsterdam, 15 May, 1940.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  4. Political cartoon by the Dutch cartoonist Leo J. Jordaan about the Dutch press being forced to toe the official line.
    In 1945 the cartoons that he drew during the war were published in Nachtmerrie over Nederland (Nightmare over the Netherlands). A memorial album, drawing by L.J. Jordaan 1940-1945, publisher De Groene Amsterdammer, 1945.
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotes
first anti-jewish measures
protests against the persecution of jews
isolating jews
jewish labour camps
jewish star
the jewish council
chronology:
press and propaganda
civil administration

chronology:
riots in amsterdam
registration, looting, and tracking
propaganda and resistance

chronology:
looting
forced labour

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