Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution


The German apparatus of oppression

The German authorities had little trust in Anton Mussert, the leader of the National Socialist Movement (NSB). He saw himself as the leader of the Dutch nation, but the Dutch population and the Reich commissioner viewed this differently. The NSB would play a marginal role in Dutch politics.
While subordinating the Dutch authorities to the German government, a German apparatus of oppression was installed simultaneously: the Security Police (Sicherheitspolizei, Sipo) and the Security Services (Sicherheitsdienst, SD). Wilhelm Harster was the head of this apparatus.

Slowly but surely
  1. The leader of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, Anton Mussert, flanked by Reich commissioner A. Seyss-Inquart (right) and H. A. Rauter, Generalkommissar für das Sicherheitswesen und der SS und SD, The Hague, October 1941.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Seyss-Inquart during his inauguration as Reich commissioner in the Haagse Ridderzaal at the Dutch Parliament, The Hague, 29 May 1940.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  3. Installation of the German Civil Administration in presence of the board of secretary-generals, which became the highest Dutch governmental body after the De Geer Cabinet decided to leave for London in May in order to continue governing the country in exile, 29 May 1940.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  4. Manifest aan het Nederlandse volk, uitgegeven door de Nederlandsche Unie, 1940
    In juli 1940 werd een nieuwe partij, Manifesto to the Dutch nation, published by the Nederlandsche Unie (Dutch Union), 1940. In July 1940, a new party, the Nederlandsche Unie, was set up by three prominent Dutch leaders, police commissioner of Rotterdam, L. Einthoven, commissioner of the queen in Groningen, J. Linthorst Homan, and government commissioner for organising of labour, J.E. de Quay. The party strivedstriving for a ‘new Dutch solidarity’, was explicitly opposed to the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, and wanted to cooperate with the Dutch and occupation authorities.
    Approximately 800,000 people became members of the Union, which was prohibited in December 1941.
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  5. Overview of the structure of authority in occupied Netherlands.
    NIOD collection, Amsterdam
jew in the netherlands
german invasion
going into hiding
sinti and roma
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
first anti-jewish measures
protests against the persecution of jews
isolating jews
jewish labour camps
jewish star
the jewish council
press and propaganda
civil administration

riots in amsterdam
registration, looting, and tracking
propaganda and resistance

forced labour

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