Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution

Jewish labour camps

‘To prevent things from getting worse’

In November 1941, the Germans announced to the Jewish Council that unemployed Jews would have to work in labour camps in the Netherlands. On 10 January 1942, 1400 unemployed Jews were supposed to report at the Amsterdam train station for work. Attendance was low. The Jewish Council urged people to go ‘in order to prevent things from getting worse'. This encouragement had some effect. In March, employed Jews were also called up. In September, more than 7000 Jews had already been summoned. In the night of 2 to 3 October 1942, the labour camps in the northeast part of the country were emptied and all the men were deported to Westerbork. Their wives and children were taken from their homes by the Dutch police and also brought to Westerbork.


Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1
  1. Geesbrug Jewish labour camp, 6 September 1942
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Workers from the Jewish labour camp in Appelscha working on the land.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotes
first anti-jewish measures
protests against the persecution of jews
isolating jews
jewish labour camps
jewish star
the jewish council
chronology:
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chronology:
riots in amsterdam
registration, looting, and tracking
propaganda and resistance

chronology:
looting
forced labour