Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution

Jewish star

Recognisable

On 29 April 1942, the Jewish Council had to publish the following measure in the Joodsche Weekblad (Jewish Weekly Paper), which would take effect over the following three days: Jews were forced to wear a yellow Star of David with the word Jew in it. It had to be worn on outer clothing and to be clearly visible. Jews could buy these stars from the Jewish Council. A textile factory in the east part of the country was ordered to manufacture the Jewish stars. Whoever did not wear a visible star would be deported to the Mauthausen concentration camp. Dutch Jews living in the remotermore remote provinces were forced to move to Amsterdam in order to simplify the deportation of Jews. Most of the Jews already lived in Amsterdam. Foreign Jews were deported to Westerbork.


Afbeelding 1Afbeelding 3Afbeelding 2
  1. Simon Peereboom and his wife Roosje Beezemer, just married, in Amsterdam, in front of an outlet selling stars, standing under a sign saying ‘stars are sold out', 1942.
    Outdoors, Jews were forced to wear a yellow Star of David with the word 'Jew' on it. Stars could be purchased at outlets throughout the country in exchange for a piece of fabric and four cents per item.
    Unknown photographer, JHM Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Whoever did not sew the Jewish star correctly was summoned for questioning. Attaching the star with needles was not allowed. Probably 1942.
    Photo by Cas Oorthuys, NFM Collection, Rotterdam
  3. On 7 August 1942, the Joodsche Weekblad* announced that anyone who (a) did not report for work in Germany, (b) did not wear a Jewish star, or (c) changed their address without permission – which referred to going into hiding – would be punished with deportation to the Mauthausen. Mauthausen was already a well-known camp and was cynically called 'Moordhuizen' (Death-houses).
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary