Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution

The Jewish Council

Work activities of the Council

The German authorities allowed the Jewish Council to publish a weekly paper. However, this paper had to publish the measures taken by the occupation authority, if these concerned Jews. Local departments throughout the Netherlands were under authority of the Jewish Council in Amsterdam. The Jewish Council actually served as a link between the Jews and the Dutch and German authorities.
Not only was the council forced to announce the anti-Jewish measures, but it also had to enforce some of them. After the summer vacation of 1941, Jewish students were no longer allowed to attend non-Jewish public and special schools. Organising the education for Jewish children, who all had to go to separate Jewish schools, was the responsibility of the Jewish Council. In March 1942, the Jewish Council, by order of the German authorities, helped draw inventories of employed Jews, but who nevertheless had to go work in Dutch labour camps.


Temporary Exemption
Razzias
Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1
  1. The Jewish Council’s cloth-mending shop in the department for helping deportees, 1942
    Photo by Johan de Haas, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. One of the many administrative departments of the Jewish Council, 1942.
    Photo by Johan de Haas, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotes
first anti-jewish measures
protests against the persecution of jews
isolating jews
jewish labour camps
jewish star
the jewish council
chronology:
press and propaganda
civil administration

chronology:
riots in amsterdam
registration, looting, and tracking
propaganda and resistance

chronology:
looting
forced labour