Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Persecution

The Jewish Council

Razzias

In late June 1942, the Jewish Council was informed that the Jews would have to work in labour camps in Germany. In Amsterdam, 4,000 summons were sent, but many of the summoned Jews did not report for work. As a result, the Germans rounded up 700 Jews on 14 July 1942. This group was to be deported to Mauthausen if the Jews that were summoned would not report to work. Following this, more than 900 Jews reported for work. The Germans found this number too small -so Jews who were already in Westerbork and Jews from the Amersfoort camp were added to the first train transport to Eastern Europe.
On 15 and 16 July, the trains with more than 2,000 Jews combined left from Westerbork to Auschwitz. During the fifteen months that followed, the deportation of the Dutch Jews was completed.
In 1942 and 1943, Jews were taken from their homes throughout the Netherlands during countless large and small razzia's, assisted by the Dutch police. The final large razzia took place on 29 September 1943 in Amsterdam. After that many Jews in hiding were still deported after they were betrayed.


Work activities of the Council
Temporary Exemption
Afbeelding 3Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1
  1. Razzia at Krügerplein in the Transvaal neighbourhood, Amsterdam, 20 June 1943.
    Ordedienst (camp police) from Westerbork had to assist during the Razzia.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Jews who were picked up during a razzia being deported, Amsterdam, 20 June 1943 During this razzia a total of 6000 Jews were rounded up and deported to Westerbork.
    The photo was taken by A. Wijnberg from his house, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  3. Officers of the Sicherheitsdienst checking personal Identification cards of Jews, Amsterdam, summer 1942.
    Unknown photographer, NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotes
first anti-jewish measures
protests against the persecution of jews
isolating jews
jewish labour camps
jewish star
the jewish council
chronology:
press and propaganda
civil administration

chronology:
riots in amsterdam
registration, looting, and tracking
propaganda and resistance

chronology:
looting
forced labour

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