Nederlands Exposition in Auschwitz Deportation

Westerbork Camp 1942-1944

Personal story: Stertzenbach, Van Reemst and Wagenaar

Personal stories about the resistance and fleeing.

 


Day to day living in Westerbork
Transports
Movie by Rudolf Breslauer
Afbeelding 6Afbeelding 4Afbeelding 7Afbeelding 5Afbeelding 3Afbeelding 2Afbeelding 1
  1. Werner Stertzenbach (1909-2002)
    In 1933, Werner Stertzenbach, a Jewish communist, fled to the Netherlands. He arrived in the Jewish youth work village in Wieringermeer. As a communist he got into problems in the village because of his political activities and because he did not want to emigrate to Palestine. In 1936, he was interned in the prison camp Nieuwersluis as an unwanted foreigner. After the capitulation he was taken to Westerbork. In Amsterdam Stertzenbach had made contacts with German refugees in the Tehuis Oosteinde shelter. In Westerbork he became the key figure of a group that helped people escape. In September 1943, he managed to escape and went into hiding in Amsterdam.
    NIOD Collection, Amsterdam
  2. Trudel van Reemst-de Vries (1914-2007)
    Trudel van Reemst, a communist and former Republic fighter during the Spanish civil war, was one of the Dutch Jews who were active in the resistance movement in Tehuis Oosteinde. In November 1942, she was arrested. The police actually came to get her husband Theo, who was involved in the armed resistance. Trudel was also arrested for being a Jew and having a fake passport; she was deported to Westerbork as a criminal offender. Trudel worked in the hospital as a maternity nurse. On May 1943 she was allowed to leave Westerbork because she was married to a non-Jew.
    Unknown photographer, Mr. Th. van Reemst
  3. Sonja Wagenaar-van Dam (1918)
    After a period in hiding in several places, Sonja van Dam was betrayed and taken to Westerbork as a criminal offender. She was one of the eight people who managed to escape from the last transport to Auschwitz on 3 September 1944. Immediately after departure a hole was sawn in the back wall of the wagon. All eight of them survived the jump. Sonja went into hiding again. She survived the war.
    Unknown photographer, HCKW Collection, Hooghalen
  4. On their way 'to the east’ some prisoners managed to throw a card from the train hoping that it would be found and posted to the addressee.
    Mr E. Sanders
  5. On their way 'to the east’ some prisoners managed to throw a card from the train hoping that it would be found and posted to the addressee.
    Mr E. Sanders
  6. On their way 'to the east’ some prisoners managed to throw a card from the train hoping that it would be found and posted to the addressee.
    Mr E. Sanders
  7. On their way 'to the east’ some prisoners managed to throw a card from the train hoping that it would be found and posted to the addressee.
    Mr E. Sanders
Glossary
floorplan
introduction
jew in the netherlands
refugees
german invasion
persecution
resistance
going into hiding
sinti and roma
deportation
dutch people in auschwitz
guest book
quotations
westerbork until 1942
amersfoort camp
vught concentration camp
westerbork camp 1942-1944
transports to auschwitz
other camps
chronology:
april/may strikes
handing in radios
radio oranje

chronology:
railway strike 1944
winter of starvation
the south is liberated